References & Resources

Cannabis is Medicine

By the end of 2018, a simple search in PubMed (the online U.S. National Library of Medicine at the National Institutes of Health) with the criteria “cannabis or cannabinoids or marijuana” will identify more than 38,000 citations in bio scientific journals and books, dating back to 1846.

The total number of citations is now growing by more than 3,000 each year with a shrinking doubling time of seven years.

Jack D. McCue MD,

Selected Sample of Research Materials


Cannabidiol as a Therapeutic Alternative for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: From Bench Research to Confirmation in Human Trials
Rafael M. Bitencourt1* and Reinaldo N. Takahashi2; Frontiers in Neuroscience, July 24, 2018.

Cannabis in the Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury: A Primer for Clinicians
Karl Grenier, Fallon Ponnambalam, David Lee, Rebecca Lauwers, Shree Bhalerao
The Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences Inc. © 2019.

Medicinal cannabis for psychiatric disorders: a clinically-focused systematic review
Jerome Sarris1*, Justin Sinclair1, Diana Karamacoska1, Maggie Davidson1 and Joseph Firth Sarris et al. BMC Psychiatry (2020) 20:24.

A cross-sectional examination of choice and behavior of veterans with access to free medicinal cannabis
Mallory J E Loflin, Kimberly Babson, James Sottile, Sonya B Norman, Staci Gruber & Marcel O Bonn-Miller; The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, May 28, 2019.

Cannabinoids as an Emerging Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Substance Use Disorders
Jacob Cohen,*† Zelan Wei,* Jonathan Phang,* Robert B. Laprairie,‡§ and Yanbo Zhang*† J Clin Neurophysiol 2020;37: 28–34.

COVID & General

Castillo, M.E. et al. Effect of calcifediol treatment and best available therapy versus best available therapy on intensive care unit admission and mortality among patients hospitalized for COVID-19: A pilot randomized clinical study. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. 203 (2020) 105751. [Vitamin D – effective treatment for COVID]

Koetsier, J. The 100 Safest Countries For COVID-19. Forbes. 9/3/20.

Bourouiba L. Turbulent gas clouds and respiratory pathogen emissions: potential implications for reducing transmission of COVID-19. JAMA2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.4756.

How Cannabis-Based Therapeutics Could Help Fight COVID Inflammation. Medscape. 11/6/20. Cannabis & Cancer:

Society of Cannabis Clinicians O’Shaughnessy’s, The Journal of Cannabis in Clinical Practice, email:; write to: P. O. Box 490, Alameda CA 94501.

Smoke Signals, The Book: A Social History of Marijuana—Medical, Recreational and Scientific, Martin Lee, Director of Project CBD, Simon & Schuster, 2013.

Bachhuber MA, et al. Medical cannabis laws and opioid analgesic overdose mortality in the United States. 1999-2010. JAMA Int’l Med. 2014:174(10):1668-73.

Carroll, C.B. et al. (2004). Cannabis for dyskinesia in Parkinson disease: a randomized double-blind crossover study. Neurology, 63(7), 1245-1250.

Eubanks, Lisa M., et al. “A molecular link between the active component of marijuana and Alzheimer’s disease pathology.” Mol. Pharm 3.6 (2006): 773-777.

Guzmán M. Cannabinoids: Potential anticancer agents. Nat Rev Cancer. 2003; 3:745-755.

Hurd, Yasmin L. “Cannabidiol: Swinging the marijuana pendulum from ‘weed’ to medication to treat the opioid epidemic.” Trends in Neurosciences 40.3 (2017): 124-127.

Lynch, M. E. and Mark A. Ware. “Cannabinoids for the treatment of chronic non-cancer pain; an updated systematic review of randomized controlled trials.” Journal of neuroimmune pharmacology 10.2 (2015): 293-301.

Naftali, Timna, et al. “Cannabis induces a clinical response in patients with Crohn’s disease: a prospective placebo-controlled study.” Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology 11.10 (2013): 1276- 1280.

National Institute of Drug Abuse: is marijuana a gateway drug?

Porter, B. E. & Jacobson, C. (2013). Report of a parent survey of cannabidiol-enriched cannabis use in pediatric treatment-resistant epilepsy. Epilepsy Behav. 29, 574-7.

Reiman, Amanda. “Cannabis as a substitute for alcohol and other drugs.” Harm Reduction Journal 6.1 (2009):35.

Russo EB. History of cannabis and its preparations in saga, science and sobriquet. Chemistry & Biodiversity. 2007:4(8):2624-48.

Whitaker, Robert. Anatomy of an Epidemic. History of how the big pharma took over health care through the 20th century. 2010.

Wall, Melanie M., et al. “Prevalence of marijuana use does not differentially increase among youth after states pass medical marijuana laws: Commentary on and reanalysis of US National Survey on Drug Use in Households data 2002-2011.” International Journal of Drug Policy 29 (2016): 9-13.